A philosophy webcomic about the inevitable anguish of living a brief life in an absurd world. Also Jokes

1800

An Ethical Dilemma Finally Resolved


"This is a strawman of Ayn Rand. She would have paid Augustine a fair price for that bread before throwing it in the trash."
"This is a strawman of Ayn Rand. She would have paid Augustine a fair price for that bread before throwing it in the trash."

In moral philosophy, the three major branches of ethical theory are Utilitarianism, such as espoused by Henry Sidgwick, which says that moral actions relate to their consequences that they bring about; Virtue Ethics, as espoused by Elizabeth Anscombe says moral actions are those that have a certain intentionality of a virtueous person (that is to say the morality is internal, in a sense); and Deontology, as espoused by Immanual Kant, which says that moral actions are those that follow certain rules. Although not as popular among philosophers these days, a fourth type of moral theory is Divine Command Theory, as espoused by Saint Augustine, which says that moral actions are those that follow God's commands.

For a great many questions of practical morally, these three systems will agree, such as "should you give your extra food to a starving man." This would have a good consequence, be a virtuous intent, follow a good rule, and would be as God commands it. In fact, such moral values are so universal that it is hard to think of any philosophy, culture, or religion at any time who says that a rich man should walk by a starving poor man and not be obliged to give him bread.

That is, of course, except for Ayn Rand.

In moral philosophy, the three major branches of ethical theory are Utilitarianism, such as espoused by Henry Sidgwick, which says that moral actions relate to their consequences that they bring about; Virtue Ethics, as espoused by Elizabeth Anscombe says moral actions are those that have a certain intentionality of a virtueous person (that is to say the morality is internal, in a sense); and Deontology, as espoused by Immanual Kant, which says that moral actions are those that follow certain rules. Although not as popular among philosophers these days, a fourth type of moral theory is Divine Command Theory, as espoused by Saint Augustine, which says that moral actions are those that follow God's commands.

For a great many questions of practical morally, these three systems will agree, such as "should you give your extra food to a starving man." This would have a good consequence, be a virtuous intent, follow a good rule, and would be as God commands it. In fact, such moral values are so universal that it is hard to think of any philosophy, culture, or religion at any time who says that a rich man should walk by a starving poor man and not be obliged to give him bread.

That is, of course, except for Ayn Rand.

Support the comic on Patreon!
Follow on RSS Follow on twitter Follow on facebook share with reddit share on twitter share with your friends on facebook share with google employees